The Italian Renaissance began the opening phase of the Renaissance, a
period of great cultural change and achievement from the 14th to the
16th century. The word renaissance means "rebirth," and the era is
best known for the renewed interest in the culture of classical
antiquity. The Italian Renaissance began in northern Italy, centering
in Florence. It then spread south, having an especially significant
impact on Rome, which was largely rebuilt by the Renaissance popes.
The Italian Renaissance is best known for its cultural achievements.
This includes works of literature by such figures as Petrarch,
Castiglione, and Machiavelli; artists such as Michaelangelo and
Leonardo da Vinci, and great works of architecture such as The Duomo
in Florence and St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. At the same time,
present-day historians also see the era as one of economic regression
and of little progress in science. Furthermore, some historians argue
that the lot of the peasants and urban poor, the majority of the
population, worsened during this period.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
: Scots under William Wallace defeated English troops in the Battle of
: The British Mandate of Palestine began.
: The Bern Switzerland Temple, the first Temple of the Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints in Europe, was dedicated.
: A military coup in Chile headed by Augusto Pinochet overthrew the
government of President Salvador Allende. In total, some 3,000 people
were killed or disappeared.
: September 11 Attacks: Three passenger airliners were hijacked to
destroy the World Trade Center in New York City and part of The
Pentagon in Washington, D.C., and a fourth crashed in Pennsylvania. In
total, almost 3,000 people were killed.
Wikiquote of the day:
"September 11 was, and remains, above all an immense human tragedy.
But September 11 also posed a momentous and deliberate challenge not
just to America but to the world at large. The target of the
terrorists was not only New York and Washington but the very values of
freedom, tolerance and decency which underpin our way of life." --