George I was King of Great Britain and Ireland, from 1 August 1714
until his death. At the age of 54, he ascended the British throne as
the first monarch of the House of Hanover. Although many bore closer
blood-relationships to the childless Queen Anne, the Act of Settlement
1701, which prohibits Catholics from inheriting the throne, designated
her cousin, Sophia of Hanover, as heiress to the throne. Sophia was
Anne's closest living Protestant relative but died a matter of weeks
before Anne leaving the Protestant succession to her son, George. In
reaction, the Jacobites attempted to depose George and replace him
with Anne's Catholic half-brother, James Francis Edward Stuart, but
their attempts failed. During George's reign in Britain, the powers of
the monarchy diminished and the modern system of Cabinet government
led by a Prime Minister underwent development. Towards the end of his
reign, actual power was held by Sir Robert Walpole. George died on a
trip to his native Hanover, where he was buried.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
English explorer James Cook ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef.
The Salvation Army's Limelight Department, one of the world's
earliest film studios, was officially established in Melbourne,
Marshal Mikhail Tukhachevsky and several senior officers of the Red
Army were convicted in the Case of Trotskyist Anti-Soviet Military
Organization, a secret trial during the Great Purge in the Soviet
Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức burned himself to
death in Saigon to protest the persecution of Buddhists by South
Vietnam's Ngô Đình Diệm administration.
The University of Alabama was desegregated as Governor of Alabama
George Wallace stepped aside after a stand in the schoolhouse door.
Wiktionary's Word of the day:
disingenuous: Not noble; unbecoming true honor or dignity; mean.
Wikiquote of the day:
Talking and eloquence are not the same: to speak, and to speak well,
are two things. A fool may talk, but a wise man speaks.
-- Ben Jonson