The Runaway Scrape was the 1836 escape of Texas residents from the
encroaching Mexican Army of Operations under the command of Antonio
López de Santa Anna during the Texas Revolution. Civilian evacuations
began on the Gulf Coast in January after the vanguard of the Mexican
army crossed the Rio Grande to quell the insurrection of American
colonists and Tejanos (Mexicans born in Texas). Weeks later, news of the
Battle of the Alamo and the Goliad massacre created a state of panic.
Sam Houston was the Texas commander-in-chief of raw recruits who had
little or no combat experience. Fleeing civilians moved in tandem with
Houston's troops for protection, as he sought a safe training camp for
his soldiers. The pursuing Mexican army had orders to execute all rebel
combatants, and it cut a swath of destruction in its search for them.
After a mere three weeks training near the Brazos River, the Texas
troops finally parted ways with the civilians, who were given a military
escort to safety. Houston turned his army southeast and engaged the
Mexican army at the April 21 Battle of San Jacinto that resulted in
Santa Anna's surrender.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Runaway_Scrape>
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