The Treaty of Devol was an agreement made in 1108 between Bohemund I
of Antioch and Byzantine Emperor Alexius I, in the wake of the First
Crusade. Although it was not initially enforced, it was intended to
make the Principality of Antioch a vassal state of the Byzantine
Empire. It is a typical example of the Byzantine tendency to settle
disputes through diplomacy rather than warfare, and was both a result
of and a cause for the distrust between the Byzantines and their
Western European neighbors. The question of the status of Antioch and
the adjacent Cilician cities troubled the Empire for many years
afterwards. The Treaty of Devol seems to have been considered void
after Bohemund's death, but Alexius' son John attempted to impose his
authority in Antioch. It was not until 1158, during the reign of
Manuel I Comnenus, that Antioch truly became a vassal of the empire,
after Manuel forced Prince Raynald of Chatillon to swear fealty to him
in punishment for Raynald's attack on Byzantine Cyprus.
Read the rest of this article:
Today's selected anniversaries:
After Queen Anne's War, French residents of Acadia were given one year
to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia.
Canada's first national park, Banff, was created.
The International Olympic Committee was founded at the Sorbonne in
June independence: Members of Lithuanian Activist Front declared
independence from the Soviet Union and formed an underground
government in Lithuania.
President Harry S. Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act was
overridden by the Congress of the United States.
Air India Flight 182 blew-up 31,000 feet above the Atlantic Ocean,
south of Ireland, killing all 329 on board.
Wikiquote of the day:
"Science is a differential equation. Religion is a boundary
condition." -- Alan Turing