Zhou Tong was the archery teacher and second military arts tutor of
famous Song Dynasty general Yue Fei. Information regarding his actual
life is largely absent in history records. However, the fact that Zhou
was Yue Fei's teacher has led to his popularity in Chinese folklore.
Various sources portray him as four distinct people with backgrounds
in Military and civilian combat arts. Several of these personas are
said to have taught these arts to Lin Chong, Lu Junyi, and Wu Song,
three of the "108 outlaws" on whom the Water Margin novel is based.
For centuries, Zhou has had an intimate connection with topics related
to Yue Fei, including martial arts, film, and literature. Many martial
arts styles associated with Yue Fei—Eagle Claw, Chuojiao and Xing
Yi—commonly include Zhou Tong within their lineage history. In the
folk biography of Yue Fei, Zhou's abilities as a martial artist are
described as being "high and strong." However, the oldest historical
record that mentions his name only says he taught archery to Yue Fei.
Zhou's character appeared in a string of black and white Yue Fei films
during the early half of the 20th century. There is even an individual
wuxia novel that focuses on Zhou's fictional adventures as a young
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Today's selected anniversaries:
King Olaf II fought and died in the Battle of Stiklestad, trying to
regain his Norwegian throne from the Danes.
nglo-Spanish War: English naval forces under command of Lord Charles
Howard and Sir Francis Drake defeated the Spanish Armada off the coast
of Gravelines, France.
ENIAC, the world's first general-purpose electronic digital
computer, was turned on in its new home at the Ballistic Research
Laboratory at Aberdeen Proving Grounds, remaining in continuous
operation until October 2, 1955.
The International Atomic Energy Agency was established, promoting
the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
A worldwide television audience of over 700 million people watched
Diana Spencer marry Prince Charles of Wales at St Paul's Cathedral in
Wiktionary's Word of the day:
aleatory: Depending on the throw of a die; random, arising by chance.
Wikiquote of the day:
God does not die on the day when we cease to believe in a personal
deity, but we die on the day when our lives cease to be illumined by
the steady radiance, renewed daily, of a wonder, the source of which
is beyond all reason. -- Dag Hammarskjöld