The indigenous people of the Everglades region arrived in the Florida
peninsula approximately 15,000 years ago, probably following large
game. The Paleo-Indians found an arid landscape that supported plants
and animals adapted to desert conditions. Climate changes 6,500 years
ago brought a wetter landscape, and the Paleo-Indians slowly adapted to
the new conditions. Archaeologists call the cultures that resulted from
the adaptations Archaic peoples, from whom two major tribes emerged in
the area: the Calusa and the Tequesta. The earliest written descriptions
of these people come from Spanish explorers who sought to convert and
conquer them. After more than 200 years of relations with the Spanish,
both indigenous societies lost cohesiveness. Official records indicate
that survivors of war and disease were transported to Havana in the late
18th century. Isolated groups may have been assimilated into the
Seminole nation, which formed in northern Florida when a band of Creeks
consolidated surviving members of pre-Columbian societies in Florida
into their own to become a distinct tribe. Seminoles were forced into
the Everglades by the U.S. military during the Seminole Wars from 1835
to 1842. The U.S. military pursued the Seminoles into the region, which
resulted in some of the first recorded explorations of much of the area.
Seminoles continue to live in the Everglades region, and support
themselves with casino gaming on six reservations located throughout the
Today's selected anniversaries:
Thirteen-year-old Catherine of Aragon, the future first wife of
Henry VIII of England, was married by proxy to his brother, 15-year-old
Arthur, Prince of Wales (pictured).
A combination of thick smoke, fog, and heavy cloud cover caused
darkness to fall on parts of Canada and the New England area of the
United States by noon.
The Articles of Association of the Bank of Montreal in
Montreal, Quebec, Canada's oldest chartered bank, were adopted.
During a televised birthday celebration for U.S. President John
F. Kennedy at New York City's Madison Square Garden, actress and model
Marilyn Monroe performed her infamous rendition of "Happy Birthday to
Despite a boycott by the local Serb population, voters in
Croatia passed a referendum supporting independence from the Socialist
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
(idiomatic) The most likely winners in a contest, election, etc.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
I have found out that the real essentials of greatness in men are not
written in books, nor can they be found in the schools, They are written
into the inner consciousness of everyone who intensely searches for
perfection in creative achievement and are understandable to such men
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