Oriel College is the fifth-oldest of the constituent colleges of the
University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. Oriel has the distinction
of being the oldest royal foundation in Oxford, a title formerly
claimed by University College, whose claim of being founded by King
Alfred is no longer promoted. The original medieval foundation set up
by Adam de Brome, under the patronage of Edward II, was called the
House of the Blessed Mary at Oxford. The first design allowed for a
Provost and ten Fellows, called 'scholars', and the College remained a
small body of graduate Fellows until the 16th century, when it started
to admit undergraduates. During the English Civil War, Oriel played
host to high-ranking members of the King's Oxford Parliament. The
College has nearly 40 Fellows, about 300 undergraduates and some 160
graduates, the student body having roughly equal numbers of men and
women. Oriel's notable alumni include two Nobel laureates; prominent
Fellows have included John Keble and John Henry Newman, founders of
the Oxford Movement. As of 2003, the college's estimated financial
endowment is £63.5m.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Roman Emperor Galerius began to persecute Christians.
Pope Gregory XIII issued the papal bull Inter gravissimas to
promulgate the Gregorian calendar, a modification of the Julian
calendar in use since 45 BC.
Marbury v. Madison established judicial review in the United States.
Louis-Philippe, the Orléanist King of the French, abdicated and
escaped to England.
Colonel Juan Perón was elected to his first term as President of
Wikiquote of the day:
Terrible is the day when each sees his soul naked, stripped of all
veil; that dear soul which he cannot change or discard, and which is
so irreparably his. -- George A. Moore