Harriet Bosse (1878–1961) was a Norwegian-Swedish actress. A celebrity
in her own day, Bosse is today most commonly remembered as the third
wife of August Strindberg, one of the originators of modern drama.
Having secured an engagement at the Royal Dramatic Theatre
("Dramaten"), the main drama venue of Sweden's capital Stockholm, Bosse
caught the attention of Strindberg with her intelligent acting and
exotic "oriental" appearance. Strindberg wrote a number of major roles
for Bosse during their short and stormy relationship, especially in
1900–1901, a period of great creativity and productivity for him. Like
his previous two marriages, the relationship failed through
Strindberg's jealousy, which some biographers have considered paranoid.
The arc of Strindberg's feelings about Bosse, from worship to rage, is
reflected in the roles he wrote for her to play, or as portraits of
her. Despite her real-life role as muse to Strindberg, she remained an
independent artist. Bosse married Swedish actor Gunnar Wingård in 1908,
and Swedish screen actor, director, and matinee idol Edvin Adolphson in
1927. All three of her marriages ended in divorce after a few years,
leaving her as a hard-working single mother with a daughter by
Strindberg and a son by Wingård. On retiring after a high-profile
acting career based in Stockholm, she returned to her roots in Oslo.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Napoleonic Wars: Forces of the Sixth Coalition under Michael Andreas
Barclay de Tolly captured French General Dominique Vandamme and
thousands of his soldiers at the Battle of Kulm.
European settlers landing on the north banks of the Yarra River in
Southern Australia founded the city of Melbourne.
American Civil War: James Longstreet and Stonewall Jackson led their
Confederate troops to a decisive victory against John Pope's Union Army
at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Prince William County, Virginia.
Fanny Kaplan shot and wounded Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin, helping
to spark the Red Terror in the Soviet Union, a repression against
Socialist-Revolutionary Party members and other political opponents.
The people of East Timor voted for independence from Indonesia in a
United Nations-supervised referendum.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
Of a deep red color, like that of Burgundy wine
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Someone's sitting in the shade today because someone planted a tree a
long time ago.
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