Operation Pamphlet (24 January – 27 February 1943) was a World War II
convoy that brought the Australian Army's 9th Division home from Egypt.
The convoy included five transports, which were protected from Japanese
warships by several Allied naval task forces during their trip across
the Indian Ocean and along the Australian coastline. The Australian
Government had requested an end to the Second Australian Imperial
Force's role in the North African Campaign. Winston Churchill and
Franklin D. Roosevelt attempted to convince the Australian Prime
Minister, John Curtin, to withdraw the request until the Allied victory
in North Africa was complete, but Curtin and Allied military leaders in
the South West Pacific believed that the veteran division was needed for
planned offensive operations in New Guinea. The 9th Division arrived in
Australian ports with no losses from enemy action, and went on to make
important contributions in New Guinea during late 1943.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Pamphlet>
Today's selected anniversaries:
The Fatimid Caliphate began their first invasion of Egypt.
First World War: British Grand Fleet ships intercepted and
surprised a German High Seas Fleet squadron in the North Sea, sinking a
German cruiser and damaging several other vessels.
American serial killer Ted Bundy was executed via electric
chair in Florida after confessing to the murders of 30 young women.
A suicide bomber killed 37 people at Domodedovo International
Airport in Moscow.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
(literary) Foggy or misty; wintry.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
When I was young, times were hard. When I got older it was
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