Malwa is a region in western India occupying a plateau of volcanic
origin in the western part of Madhya Pradesh state and the
south-eastern part of Rajasthan. The region was a separate political
unit from the time of the Aryan tribe of Malavas until 1947. Most of
the region is drained by the Chambal River and its tributaries; the
western part is drained by the Mahi River. Ujjain was the capital in
ancient times, and Indore is presently the largest city. The culture
of the region has had influences from Gujarati, Rajasthani and Marathi
cultures. Malvi is the most commonly used language, especially in
rural areas, while Hindi is widely understood in cities. The first
significant kingdom in the region was Avanti, an important power in
western India by around 500 BCE, when it was annexed by the Maurya
Empire. The 5th-century Gupta period was a golden age in the history
of Malwa. The region has given the world prominent leaders in the arts
and sciences, including the poet KÄ?lidÄ?sa and the polymath king
Read the rest of this article:
Today's selected anniversaries:
Bulgarian forces led by Krum defeated a Byzantine invasion in the
Battle of Pliska, killed Byzantine Emperor Nikephoros I and severely
wounded his son and co-emperor Staurakios.
After a victory over the Almoravid Moors in the Battle of Ourique,
Afonso the Conqueror (pictured) was proclaimed the first king of an
JosÃ© de San MartÃn met with SimÃ³n BolÃvar in Guayaquil to plan for
the future of South America.
L. L. Zamenhof published Unua Libro, the first publication to describe
Esperanto, a constructed international language.
Fidel Castro led an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada Barracks, thus
beginning the Cuban Revolution.
Wikiquote of the day:
"Pardon him, Theodotus; he is a barbarian, and thinks that the customs
of his tribe and island are the laws of nature." -- George Bernard