Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve is a protected area in the
northern Siskiyou Mountains of southwestern Oregon near the California
border, managed since 1933 by the US National Park Service. The
4,554-acre (1,843 ha) park features a marble cave that was discovered
in 1874. Three years after President Theodore Roosevelt signed the
Antiquities Act of 1906, President William Howard Taft used it to
establish Oregon Caves. In 2014 the protected area was expanded by about
4,000 acres (1,600 ha) and designated a National Monument and Preserve.
Oregon Caves is a solutional cave, with passages totaling about 15,000
feet (4,600 m), formed in marble. The parent rock was originally
limestone that metamorphosed to marble during the geologic processes
that created the Klamath Mountains, including the Siskiyous. Although
the limestone formed about 190 million years ago, the cave itself is no
older than a few million years. Another attraction at the park is the
Oregon Caves Chateau, a six-story hotel built in a rustic style in 1934;
it is a National Historic Landmark and is part of the Oregon Caves
Historic District within the monument.
Today's selected anniversaries:
Great Northern War: Peter I of Russia defeated Charles XII of
Sweden in Poltava, effectively ending Sweden's role as a major power in
Joseph Bonaparte approved the Bayonne Statute, a royal charter
intended as the basis for his rule as King of Spain during the
Led by George W. De Long, the ill-fated Jeannette Expedition
departed San Francisco to reach the North Pole by pioneering a route
through the Bering Strait.
After various news agencies reported the capture of a "flying
disc" by U.S. Army Air Force personnel in Roswell, New Mexico, the
military stated that what was actually recovered was debris from an
experimental high-altitude surveillance weather balloon.
Palestinian author Ghassan Kanafani was assassinated by Mossad
agents in response to the Lod Airport massacre.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. (Platonic philosophy) The (usually benevolent) being that created the
universe out of primal matter.
2. (Gnosticism) A (usually jealous or outright malevolent) being who is
inferior to the supreme being, and sometimes seen as the creator of
3. (figuratively) Something (such as an idea, individual or institution)
conceived as an autonomous creative force or decisive power.
4. (historical, Ancient Greece) The title of a magistrate in a number of
states of Ancient Greece, and in the city states (poleis) of the Achaean
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate. Our deepest fear
is that we are powerful beyond measure. It is our light, not our
darkness that most frightens us. We ask ourselves, Who am I to be
brilliant, gorgeous, talented, and fabulous? Actually, who are you not
to be? You are a child of God. Your playing small does not serve the
world. There is nothing enlightened about shrinking so that other people
will not feel insecure around you. We are all meant to shine, as
children do. We were born to make manifest the glory of God that is
within us. It is not just in some of us; it is in everyone and as we let
our own light shine, we unconsciously give others permission to do the
same. As we are liberated from our own fear, our presence automatically
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