Isaac Shelby (1750–1826) was the first and fifth Governor of Kentucky and
served in the state legislatures of Virginia and North Carolina. He was also
a soldier in Lord Dunmore's War, the Revolutionary War, and the War of 1812.
While governor, he personally led the Kentucky militia in the Battle of the
Thames, an action that was rewarded with a Congressional Gold Medal.
Counties in nine states, and several cities and military bases, have been
named in his honor. His fondness for John Dickinson's The Liberty Song is
believed to be the reason Kentucky adopted the state motto "United we stand,
divided we fall". At the end of his gubernatorial term, Shelby retired from
public life, but he was called back into politics by the impending War of
1812. Kentuckians urged Shelby to run for governor again and lead them
through the inevitable conflict. He was elected easily, and at the request
of General William Henry Harrison, commanded troops from Kentucky at the
Battle of the Thames. At the conclusion of the war, he declined President
James Monroe's offer to become Secretary of War. In his last act of public
service, he and Andrew Jackson acted as commissioners to negotiate the
Jackson Purchase from the Chickasaw.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
The title of Prince of Wales was granted for the first time to the English
heir apparent, then Edward of Carnarvon.
The Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting the
ability of U.S. citizens and foreign nationals to sue U.S. states in federal
courts, was ratified in order to overrule the U.S. Supreme Court decision in
Chisholm v. Georgia.
HMS Orpheus of the British Royal Navy sank off the coast of Auckland, New
Zealand, killing 189 crew out of the ship's complement of 259.
The film Kid Auto Races at Venice, featuring the first appearance of comedy
actor Charlie Chaplin's character "The Tramp", was released.
During NASA Space Shuttle Challenger mission STS-41-B, astronauts Bruce
McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart performed the first and second
untethered spacewalks (pictured), respectively, using Manned Maneuvering
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. Jumping, or passing, from one thing or subject to another, without order
or rational connection; without logical sequence.
2. As a digression; not connected with the subject
Wikiquote quote of the day:
A man acts suitably to his nature, when he conquers his enemy in such a way
as that no other creature but a man could be capable of, and that is by the
strength of his understanding. --Thomas More