Muhammad Ali Jinnah (25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) is
honoured as the founder of Pakistan, where his birthday is observed as a
national holiday. He served as leader of the All-India Muslim League
from 1913 until Pakistan's independence from Great Britain in 1947, and
then as the first Governor-General of Pakistan until his death. Jinnah
rose to prominence in the Indian National Congress in the first two
decades of the 20th century. In these early years of his political
career, he advocated Hindu–Muslim unity, helping to shape the 1916
Lucknow Pact between the Congress and the All-India Muslim League. By
1940, he had come to believe that Muslims of the Indian subcontinent
should have their own state. As the first leader of Pakistan, he worked
to establish the nation's government and policies, and to aid the
millions of Muslim migrants who had emigrated from the new nation of
India to Pakistan after independence, personally supervising the
establishment of refugee camps. Several universities and public
buildings in Pakistan bear Jinnah's name.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Ali_Jinnah>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Baldwin of Boulogne was crowned as Baldwin I of Jerusalem, the
first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem.
A Baptist preacher named Samuel Sharpe began an unsuccessful
eleven-day slave revolt in Jamaica.
The Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng, a revolutionary socialist
political party that sought Vietnamese independence from French colonial
rule, was formed in Hanoi.
Romanian Revolution: Dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and his wife
Elena were condemned to death under a wide range of charges and
A tiger at the San Francisco Zoo escaped from its enclosure and
attacked three patrons before it was shot and killed.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. (dated) The period of celebration of a pre-Christian festival associated
with the (northern) winter solstice, later absorbed into the festival of
2. (dated) The period around Christmas; the Christmas season,
Christmastime; specifically, Christmas itself.
3. (Australia, regional) The period of southern winter in the middle of the
year, sometimes celebrated in the colder, snowy regions of Australia
with allusions to Christmas, which originated as a marketing gimmick.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
The central core of truth is that Christmas turns everything
upside down, the upside of heaven come down to earth. The Christmas
story puts a new value on every man. He is not a thing to be used, not a
chemical accident, not an educated ape. Every man is a V.I.P., because
he has divine worth. That was revealed when “Love came down at
Christmas.” A scientist said, making a plea for exchange scholarships
between nations, “The best way to send an idea is to wrap it up in a
person.” That was what happened at Christmas. The idea of divine love
was wrapped up in a person. Christmas is good news in a world of bad
news. … Christmas brings hope to a dark world.
--Halford E. Luccock
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