The Divisional Cavalry Regiment, New Zealand's first armoured unit, was
formed in September 1939 after the country entered the Second World War.
After being sent to Egypt with the 2nd New Zealand Division, the
regiment deployed to Greece as part of W Force, the British contingent
sent to defend the country from Nazi Germany in March 1941. The regiment
was scattered during the retreat from Greece; most of it ended up in
Crete, but had to evacuate in May after a German paratroop attack. Its
men fought in Operation Crusader and spent a brief interlude in Syria
before engaging in the First Battle of El Alamein, equipped with four
recaptured Stuart tanks (pictured). They fought again in the Second
Battle of El Alamein, at El Agheila, and at the Mareth Line. After the
German retreat from Tunisia, they were sent to Italy with the division
in September, and fought in the Italian Campaign. In October 1944, the
regiment was reorganized into an infantry battalion, fighting until the
end of the war in Europe in May 1945. In March 1946 they arrived in
Japan as a regiment of J Force, the New Zealand contribution to the
occupation. The regiment was disbanded in September 1947.
Today's selected anniversaries:
War of Jenkins' Ear: A British naval force captured the
settlement of Portobello in the Spanish Main (modern Panama).
Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata: The Argentine
Confederation were defeated in the Battle of Vuelta de Obligado, but the
losses ultimately made the United Kingdom and France give up the
First World War: The Battle of Cambrai began with British
forces having initial success over Germany's Hindenburg Line.
Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King George VI of the United
Kingdom, married Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten (both pictured), who was
given the title Duke of Edinburgh.
In accordance with the Lusaka Protocol, the Angolan government
signed a ceasefire with UNITA rebels in a failed attempt to end the
Angolan Civil War.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
(transitive) To make rural or rustic.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Let's dedicate ourselves to what the Greeks wrote so many years
ago: to tame the savageness of man and make gentle the life of this
world. Let us dedicate ourselves to that, and say a prayer for our
country and for our people.
--Robert F. Kennedy
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