St. Michael's Cathedral is a Catholic church in Qingdao (formerly
Tsingtao), Shandong Province, China; it is also the seat of the Bishop
of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Qingdao. It is located in the oldest
part of Qingdao, in Shinan District. It is the largest example of
Romanesque Revival architecture in the province. St. Michael's
Cathedral is the product of a strong German presence in Shandong
Province in the 19th and early 20th centuries. In the mid-19th century
the European powers forcibly opened China to foreign trade. The Divine
Word Missionaries built a church in the Jiaozhou Bay concession in
Shandong in 1902, and in 1934 erected the cathedral, which remained
nominally under their administration until 1964. In 1942 it came under
the control of the Japanese Army, returning to Chinese control when the
Japanese left Qingdao in 1945. In the early 1950s, all foreign
missionaries, including the Bishop of Qingdao, were either imprisoned
or expelled from China, and during the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976)
the cathedral was defaced and abandoned. In 1981, it was repaired and
reopened for services, and in 1992 it was listed as a Provincial
Historic Building by the government.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
King Henry VIII of England married Catherine Parr , his sixth and last
wife, at Hampton Court Palace.
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy was passed, a law that
subordinated the Roman Catholic Church in France to the French
The Medal of Honor, the highest military decoration awarded by the
United States government, was first authorized by the U.S. Congress.
The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty was signed, with Soviet Russia
agreeing to recognize an independent Lithuania.
World War II: Nazi German and Soviet forces engaged each other at the
Battle of Prokhorovka, one of the largest tank battles in military
São Tomé and Príncipe declared independence from Portugal.
Hezbollah forces crossed the Israel–Lebanon border and attacked Israeli
military positions while firing rockets and mortars at Israeli towns,
sparking the July War.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
An excited state of joy, a good feeling, a state of intense happiness
Wikiquote quote of the day:
The philosophies of one age have become the absurdities of the next,
and the foolishness of yesterday has become the wisdom of tomorrow.
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