SMS Moltke was the lead ship of the Moltke-class battlecruisers of the
German Imperial Navy, named after the 19th century German field marshal
Helmuth von Moltke. Commissioned on 30 September 1911, the ship was the
second battlecruiser built for the Imperial Navy. Moltke, along with
her sister ship Goeben, was an enlarged version of the previous German
battlecruiser design, Von der Tann. The ship was very similar to Von
der Tann, but had increased armor protection and two more main guns in
an additional gun turret. Compared to her British rivals—the
Indefatigable class—Moltke and her sister Goeben were significantly
larger and better armored. The ship participated in most of the major
fleet actions conducted by the German Navy during the First World War,
including the Battles of Dogger Bank and Jutland in the North Sea, and
the Battle of the Gulf of Riga and Operation Albion in the Baltic.
Moltke was damaged several times during the war: the ship was hit by
heavy caliber gunfire at Jutland, and torpedoed twice by British
submarines while on fleet advances. Following the end of the war in
1918, Moltke, along with most of the High Seas Fleet, was interned at
Scapa Flow pending a decision by the Allies as to the fate of the
fleet. The ship met her end when she was scuttled, along with the rest
of the High Seas Fleet, in 1919 to prevent them from falling into
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Byzantine Emperor Justinian I issued the first draft of the Corpus
Juris Civilis, a first attempt to codify Roman law.
King Charles of Bohemia issued a Golden Bull to establish Charles
University in Prague, the first university in Central Europe.
German composer Ludwig van Beethoven premiered his Third Symphony, at
the Theater an der Wien in Vienna.
D'Arcy McGee, a Canadian Father of Confederation, was assassinated; to
date, the only Canadian political assassination at the federal level.
World War II: American forces sunk the Japanese battleship Yamato, the
largest battleship in the world, during Operation Ten-Go.
The United Nations established the World Health Organization to act as
a coordinating authority on international public health.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. Unhappy or unfortunate.
2. Inappropriate or awkward; not well said, expressed, or done
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Great minds are to make others great. Their superiority is to be used,
not to break the multitude to intellectual vassalage, not to establish
over them a spiritual tyranny, but to rouse them from lethargy, and to
aid them to judge for themselves.
--William Ellery Channing
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