William Tecumseh Sherman was an American soldier, businessman,
educator, and author. He served as a general in the United States Army
during the American Civil War (1861–65), receiving both recognition
for his outstanding command of military strategy, and criticism for
the harshness of his "scorched earth" policies while conducting total
war against the enemy. Military historian Basil Liddell Hart famously
declared that Sherman was "the first modern general." In 1864, Sherman
became the Union commander in the western theater of the war. He
proceeded to lead his troops to the capture of Atlanta. His subsequent
march through Georgia and the Carolinas further undermined the
Confederacy's ability to continue fighting. He accepted the surrender
of all the Confederate armies in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida
in April 1865. After the Civil War, Sherman became Commanding General
of the U.S. Army (1869–83). As such, he was responsible for the
conduct of the Indian Wars in the western United States. In 1875, he
published his Memoirs, one of the best-known firsthand accounts of the
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Le Griffon, a brigantine by René-Robert de LaSalle, became the first
sailing ship to navigate the Great Lakes.
The Badge of Military Merit, the original Purple Heart, was
established as a military decoration in the Continental Army.
An expedition led by Thor Heyerdahl crossed the Pacific Ocean in 101
days on his raft, Kon-Tiki.
Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman of the Federation of Malaysia
demanded that Singapore withdraw from the federation, choosing to
"sever ties with a State Government that showed no measure of loyalty
to its Central Government."
The bombing of U.S. embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and
Nairobi, Kenya killed over 200 people and injured over 4,500.
Wiktionary's Word of the day:
vivacious: Lively and animated; full of life and energy.
Wikiquote of the day:
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free encyclopedia of the highest possible quality to every single
person on the planet in their own language. Asking whether the
community comes before or after this goal is really asking the wrong
question: the entire purpose of the community is precisely this goal.
-- Jimmy Wales