Oryzomys is a genus of semiaquatic rodents in the tribe Oryzomyini
living in southern North America and far northern South America. It
includes eight species, two of which are widespread: the marsh rice rat
(O. palustris, pictured) of the U.S. and O. couesi of Mexico and
Central America. Two or three species have gone extinct over the last
two centuries and at least one other is endangered. Species of Oryzomys
are medium-sized rats with long, coarse fur. The upperparts are gray to
reddish and the underparts white to buff. The animals have broad feet
with reduced or absent ungual tufts of hair around the claws and, in
some species, with webbing between the toes. The habitat includes lakes,
marshes, and rivers. Oryzomys species swim well, are active during the
night, and eat both plant and animal food. They build woven nests of
vegetation; after a gestation period of 21 to 28 days, about four young
are born. Species of Oryzomys are infected by numerous parasites and
carry at least three hantaviruses, one of which (Bayou virus) also
infects humans. The name Oryzomys was established in 1857 by Spencer
Fullerton Baird for the marsh rice rat and was soon applied to many
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oryzomys>
Today's selected anniversaries:
After standing only 15 years, London's Drury Lane theatre, the
third building of that name, burned down.
The Treaty of Yandabo was signed, ending the First Anglo-
Burmese War, the longest and most expensive war in the history of the
The steamship SS Gothenburg hit a section of the Great Barrier
Reef at low tide and sank northwest of Holbourne Island, Queensland,
Australia, with over 100 deaths.
At a meeting of the German Workers' Party, Adolf Hitler
outlined its 25-point programme and the party changed its name to the
National Socialist German Workers' Party.
Colonel Juan Perón (pictured), founder of the political
movement that became known as Peronism, was elected to his first term as
President of Argentina.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
(informal) One who is disadvantaged or exploited within a modern
technological society, especially through inability to use computer
Wikiquote quote of the day:
You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life,
karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made
all the difference in my life.
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