The 2nd Canadian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the
First Canadian Army, mobilized on 1 September 1939 during the Second
World War. Initially composed of volunteers within brigades established
along regional lines, a halt in recruitment in the early months of the
war caused a delay in the formation of brigade and divisional
headquarters. With questions concerning overseas deployment resolved,
the division's respective commands were formed in May and June 1940,
and was deployed to the United Kingdom between 1 August and 25 December
1940. Elements of the 2nd Division were selected as the main force for
Operation Jubilee, a large-scale amphibious raid on the port of Dieppe
in German-occupied France. Following a period of reconstruction and
retraining from 1942 to 1944, the division joined II Canadian Corps as
part of the Second British Army for the Allied Invasion of Normandy.
Joining the newly activated headquarters of the First Canadian Army in
the assault on northwestern Europe, the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division
played a significant role in the retaking of the Channel ports, the
Battle of the Scheldt, and the liberation of Holland. (more...)
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Today's selected anniversaries:
As specified by the Congress of Vienna, the Constitution of the Kingdom
of Poland was signed for the newly recreated Polish state that was
under Russian control.
American Indian Wars: George Armstrong Custer's 7th U.S. Cavalry
defeated Chief Black Kettle and the Cheyenne on the Washita River near
present-day Cheyenne, Oklahoma.
The Kurdistan Workers' Party, which has been in conflict with Turkey
over the formation of an autonomous Kurdish state, was founded.
The Labour Party defeated the governing National Party in the New
Zealand general election, making the Labour Party's Helen Clark the
first female to win the office of Prime Minister at an election.
The Hubble Space Telescope detected sodium in the atmosphere of the
extrasolar planet HD 209458b , the first planetary atmosphere outside
our solar system to be measured.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. (philosophy) The theory that the self is all that exists or that can
be proven to exist.
2. Self-absorption, an unawareness of the views or needs of others
Wikiquote quote of the day:
When there is freedom from mechanical conditioning, there is
simplicity. The classical man is just a bundle of routine, ideas and
tradition. If you follow the classical pattern, you are understanding
the routine, the tradition, the shadow — you are not understanding
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