United States v. Washington was a 1974 case heard in the U.S. District
Court for the Western District of Washington and the U.S. Court of
Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. It reaffirmed the reserved right of
American Indian tribes in the State of Washington to act alongside the
state as co-managers of salmon and other fish, and to continue
harvesting them in accordance with the various treaties that the United
States had signed with the tribes. The tribes of Washington had ceded
their land to the United States but had reserved the right to fish as
they always had (pictured), including fishing at their traditional
locations that were off the designated reservations. After a long trial,
the decision of federal judge George Hugo Boldt held that the tribes
were entitled to half the fish harvest each year. In 1975 the Ninth
Circuit Court of Appeals upheld Judge Boldt's ruling and the U.S.
Supreme Court declined to hear the case. After the state refused to
enforce the court order, Boldt ordered the Coast Guard to enforce his
rulings. In a later case, Justice John Paul Stevens summarized: "Both
sides have a right, secured by treaty, to take a fair share of the
available fish." (Full article...).
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._Washington>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Irish Catholic gentry in Ulster tried to seize control of
Dublin Castle, the seat of English rule in Ireland, to force concessions
General Claude François de Malet began a conspiracy to
overthrow Napoleon, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that he
was now the commandant of Paris.
Alto Broadcasting System in the Philippines made the first
television broadcast in Southeast Asia on DZAQ-TV.
Vietnam War: Operation Linebacker, a US bombing campaign
against North Vietnam in response to its Easter Offensive, ended after
Chechen separatists seized a crowded theater in Moscow, taking
approximately 700 patrons and performers hostage.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
The shallow depression (fossa) located at the back of the knee joint;
the popliteal fossa or “knee pit”.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
We shall not busy ourselves with what men ought to have admired,
what they ought to have written, what they ought to have thought, but
with what they did think, write, admire.
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