SS Ohioan was a cargo ship built in 1914 for the American-Hawaiian Steamship
Company. During World War I she was taken over by the United States Navy and
commissioned as USS Ohioan (ID-3280). When the Panama canal was temporarily
closed by landslides in late 1915, Ohioan sailed via the Straits of Magellan
until the canal reopened in mid 1916. During World War I, USS Ohioan carried
cargo, animals, and a limited number of passengers to France, and returned
over 8,000 American troops after the Armistice, including the highly
decorated American soldier Alvin York. After Ohioan's naval service ended in
1919, she was returned to her original owners. Ohioan's post-war career was
relatively uneventful until 8 October 1936, when she ran aground near Seal
Rock at the Golden Gate, the entrance to San Francisco Bay. Attempts to free
the ship were unsuccessful and, because of the close proximity of the wreck
to San Francisco, the grounded Ohioan drew large crowds to watch salvage
operations. Angelo J. Rossi, the mayor of San Francisco, toured the wreck on
19 October. Ohioan's hulk caught fire in March 1937, and the wreck broke
into two pieces in a storm in December. As late as 1939, some of Ohioan's
rusty steel beams were still visible on the rocks.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Roman Emperor Caligula was brutally murdered by Cassius Chaerea and the
disgruntled Praetorian Guards. Caligula's uncle Claudius was proclaimed
emperor in his place.
The Fundamental Orders, the first written constitution in North American
history, was adopted in Connecticut.
James W. Marshall discovered gold at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California,
leading to the California Gold Rush.
The University of Calcutta, the first modern university in the Indian
subcontinent, was established in Calcutta, India.
The first Apple Macintosh, today known as the Macintosh 128K, went on sale,
becoming the first commercially successful personal computer to feature a
mouse and a graphical user interface rather than a command line interface.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
overstate (v) To exaggerate; to state or claim too much.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Habit is necessary; it is the habit of having habits, of turning a trail
into a rut, that must be incessantly fought against if one is to remain
alive. --Edith Wharton