Psilocybe aztecorum is a species of psilocybin mushroom in the
Strophariaceae family. Known only from central Mexico, the fungus grows
on decomposing woody debris, and is found in mountainous areas at
elevations of 3,200 to 4,000 m (10,500 to 13,000 ft), typically in
meadows or open, grassy forests associated with Hartweg's Pine. The
mushrooms have convex to bell-shaped caps 1.5–2 cm (0.6–0.8 in) in
diameter, set atop slender cylindrical stems that are up to 7.5 cm
(3.0 in) long. The color of the caps changes with variations in
hydration, and ranges from dark chestnut brown to straw yellow or
whitish when dry. The species was first reported by French mycologist
Roger Heim in 1956 as a variety of Psilocybe mexicana before he
officially described it under its current name a year later. Named for
its association with the Aztec people, P. aztecorum may have been one
of the sacred mushroom species, or teonanácatl ("flesh of the gods"),
reported in the codices of 16th-century Spanish chronicler Bernardino de
Sahagún. The mushrooms are still used for spiritual ceremonies by
Nahuatl Indians in the Popocatépetl region, although this traditional
usage is waning.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psilocybe_aztecorum>
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