The Mono–Inyo Craters are a north–south-trending volcanic chain in
Eastern California that stretch 25 miles (40 km) from the northwest
shore of Mono Lake to south of Mammoth Mountain. The chain is located
in Mono County in the U.S. State of California. Eruptions along the
narrow fissure system under the chain began in the west moat of Long
Valley Caldera 400,000 to 60,000 years ago. Mammoth Mountain was formed
during this period. Multiple eruptions from 40,000 to 600 years ago
created Mono Craters and eruptions 5,000 to 500 years ago formed Inyo
Craters. The area has been used by humans for centuries. Obsidian was
collected by Mono Paiutes for making sharp tools and arrow points.Mono
Mills processed timber felled on or near the volcanoes for the nearby
boomtown Bodie in the late 19th to early 20th centuries. Water
diversions into the Los Angeles Aqueduct system from their natural
outlets in Mono Lake started in 1941 after a water tunnel was cut under
Mono Craters. Mono Lake Volcanic Field and a large part of Mono Craters
gained some protection under Mono Basin National Forest Scenic Area in
1984. Resource use along all of the chain is managed by the United
States Forest Service as part of Inyo National Forest.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
French and Indian War: Led by 22-year-old George Washington, a company
of colonial militia from Virginia ambushed a force of 35 Canadiens in
the Battle of Jumonville Glen.
Japanese forces led by Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō destroyed the Russian
Baltic Fleet in the Battle of Tsushima, the decisive naval battle in
the Russo-Japanese War.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, one of the first democratic
republics in the Muslim world, was proclaimed in Ganja by the
Azerbaijani National Council following the breakup of the
Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic.
West German Mathias Rust flew his Cessna 172 through the supposedly
impregnable Soviet air defense system and landed in Red Square in
The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission carried out five underground
nuclear tests, becoming the seventh country in the world to
successfully develop and publicly test nuclear weapons.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
personal space (n):
1. The area in which a person or animal usually moves and which it
2. The area immediately surrounding someone which is felt to be
theirs, encroachment on which may cause discomfort or hostility
Wikiquote quote of the day:
War of any kind is abhorrent. Remember that since the end of World War
II, over 40 million people have been killed by conventional weapons.
So, if we should succeed in averting nuclear war, we must not let
ourselves be sold the alternative of conventional weapons for killing
our fellow men. We must cure ourselves of the habit of war.