Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve is a U.S. National
Monument and National Preserve in the Snake River Plain in central
Idaho, at an average elevation of 5,900 feet (1,800 m) above sea level.
The protected area features one of the best-preserved flood basalt areas
in the continental United States. The Monument was established on
May 2, 1924. In November 2000, a presidential proclamation by President
Clinton greatly expanded the Monument area. The National Park Service
portions of the expanded Monument were designated as a National Preserve
in August 2002. The Monument and Preserve encompass three major lava
fields and about 400 square miles (1,000 km2) of sagebrush steppe
grasslands. All three lava fields lie along the Great Rift of Idaho,
with some of the best examples of open rift cracks in the world,
including the deepest known on Earth at 800 feet (240 m).
Today's selected anniversaries:
Tiberius (bust pictured), one of Rome's greatest generals,
succeeded his stepfather Augustus as Roman emperor.
The United States Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act, which
declared that all runaway slaves be brought back to their masters.
The Blackpool Illuminations in the English seaside town of
Blackpool, billed as "the greatest free light show on earth", were
switched on for the first time.
Daniel David Palmer gave the first chiropractic adjustment to
deaf janitor Harvey Lillard.
The Nazi propaganda radio programme Germany Calling, with a
host nicknamed "Lord Haw-Haw", began broadcasting to audiences in the
United Kingdom and the United States.
The National Security Act came into effect, establishing the
United States Air Force as a separate branch of the U.S. military, as
well as the Central Intelligence Agency.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
The phenomenon, in chemistry, physics and mathematics, of objects being
unidentical mirror images of each other, like a person's left and right
Wikiquote quote of the day:
In order that all men may be taught to speak truth, it is necessary that
all likewise should learn to hear it.