Isabeau of Bavaria (c. 1370–1435) became the queen of King Charles
VI of France in 1385. She was born into the House of Wittelsbach, the
eldest daughter of Duke Stephen III of Bavaria-Ingolstadt and Taddea
Visconti of Milan. Isabeau was sent to France at age 15 or 16, where the
young French king liked her enough to marry her three days after they
met. Charles suffered from lifelong progressive mental illness from
1392, and was forced to temporarily withdraw from government. A 1393
masque or masquerade ball for one of Isabeau's ladies-in-waiting—an
event later known as Bal des Ardents—ended in disaster with the King
almost burning to death. Although he demanded Isabeau's removal from his
presence during attacks of mental illness, he allowed her to act on his
behalf. Charles' illness created a power vacuum that eventually led to
the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War between the supporters of his
brother, Louis of Orléans, and the royal dukes of Burgundy. Isabeau
shifted allegiances between the factions, choosing courses she believed
most favorable for the heir to the throne. She was present at the
signing of the Treaty of Troyes in 1421, and lived in English-occupied
Paris until her death in 1435.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabeau_of_Bavaria>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Rōnin samurai of the Mito Domain assassinated Japanese Chief
Minister Ii Naosuke, upset with his role in the opening of Japan to
German physician Robert Koch announced the discovery of
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacterium that causes tuberculosis.
Following the capture of Nanjing by an alliance of Nationalist
and Communist forces, British and American warships bombarded the city
in defence of foreign citizens there.
Second World War: Captured Allied airmen began "the Great
Escape", breaking out of the German prison camp Stalag Luft III.
The tanker Exxon Valdez spilled more than 10 million
US gallons of oil into Prince William Sound, Alaska, causing one of the
most devastating man-made environmental disasters at sea.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
An afternoon nap, especially the one taken after lunch in some cultures.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
If "freedom" means, first of all, the responsibility of
every individual for the rational determination of his own personal,
professional and social existence, then there is no greater fear than
that of the establishment of general freedom. Without a thoroughgoing
solution of this problem there never will be a peace lasting longer than
one or two generations. To solve this problem on a social scale, it will
take more thinking, more honesty and decency, more conscientiousness,
more economic, social and educational changes in social mass living than
all the efforts made in previous and future wars and post-war
reconstruction programs taken together.