Ralph Richardson (1902–1983) was an English actor who played more than
sixty film roles and, along with his contemporaries John Gielgud and
Laurence Olivier, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century.
In 1931 he joined the Old Vic, playing mostly Shakespearean roles. He
led the company the following season, succeeding Gielgud, who had taught
him much about stage technique. After he left the company, a series of
leading roles took him to stardom in the West End and on Broadway. In
the 1940s, Richardson was the co-director of the Old Vic company. He and
Olivier led the company to Europe and Broadway in 1945 and 1946. In the
1950s, in the West End and occasionally on tour, Richardson played in
modern and classic works including The Heiress, Home at Seven and Three
Sisters. Richardson was cast in leading roles in British and American
films including Things to Come in the 1930s, The Fallen Idol and The
Heiress in the 1940s, and Long Day's Journey into Night and Doctor
Zhivago in the 1960s. He received nominations and awards in the UK,
Europe and the US for his stage and screen work from 1948 until his
sudden death at the age of eighty, and earned a posthumous Academy Award
nomination for his final film, Greystoke.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Richardson>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Trajan (bust pictured) succeeded his adoptive father Nerva as
Roman emperor; under his rule the Roman Empire would reach its maximum
Pope Gregory VII lifted the excommunication of Henry IV after
the Holy Roman Emperor made his trek from Speyer to Canossa Castle to
beg the pope for forgiveness for his actions in the Investiture
Alexander Island, the largest island of Antarctica, was
discovered by Russian explorer Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen.
Choudhry Rahmat Ali published a pamphlet entitled "Now or
Never" in which he called for the creation of a Muslim state in
northwest India that he termed "Pakstan".
After having been kidnapped by the Italian Red Brigade 42 days
earlier, General James L. Dozier of the United States Army was freed by
the anti-terrorist force NOCS.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
A partially shaded area around the edges of a shadow, especially an
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Happiness exists on earth, and it is won through prudent
exercise of reason, knowledge of the harmony of the universe, and
constant practice of generosity.