Paranthodon was a stegosaurian dinosaur that lived in present-day South
Africa between 139 and 131 million years ago, during the Early
Cretaceous. Discovered in 1845, it was one of the first stegosaurians
found. The only remains of the genus, a partial skull, isolated teeth,
and fragments of vertebrae, were found in the Kirkwood Formation.
British paleontologist Richard Owen initially identified the fragments
as those of the pareiasaur Anthodon. After remaining untouched for years
in the British Museum of Natural History, the partial skull was
identified by South African paleontologist Robert Broom as belonging to
a different genus; he named the specimen Palaeoscincus africanus.
Several years later, Hungarian paleontologist Franz Nopcsa, unaware of
Broom's new name, similarly concluded that it represented a new taxon,
and named it Paranthodon owenii. The genus name combines the Ancient
Greek para (near) with the genus name Anthodon, to represent the initial
referral of the remains.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paranthodon>
Today's selected anniversaries:
War of the Austrian Succession: French forces defeated those of
the Pragmatic Allies at the Battle of Fontenoy in the Austrian
Netherlands in present-day Belgium.
An attack upon a U.S. Army paymaster and escort resulted in the
theft of over $28,000 and the award of two Medals of Honor.
Deep Blue became the first computer to win a match against a
world chess champion, when it defeated Garry Kasparov in six games.
Two car bombs by unknown perpetrators exploded in Reyhanlı,
Turkey, resulting in 52 killed and 140 injured.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
Also more fully as brubru shrike: a bird in the bushshrike family found
in sub-Saharan Africa (Nilaus afer).
Wikiquote quote of the day:
We human beings are what we have been for millions of years —
colossally greedy, envious, aggressive, jealous, anxious and despairing,
with occasional flashes of joy and affection. We are a strange mixture
of hate, fear and gentleness; we are both violence and peace. There has
been outward progress from the bullock cart to the jet plane but
psychologically the individual has not changed at all, and the structure
of society throughout the world has been created by individuals. The
outward social structure is the result of the inward psychological
structure of our human relationships, for the individual is the result
of the total experience, knowledge and conduct of man. Each one of us is
the storehouse of all the past. The individual is the human who is all
mankind. The whole history of man is written in ourselves.