Israel the Grammarian (c. 895 – c. 965) was one of the leading
European scholars of the mid-tenth century. Most likely a Breton, he
wrote theological and grammatical tracts, and commentaries on the works
of other philosophers and theologians. When Alfred the Great became King
of Wessex in 871, learning was at a low level in southern England, and
there were no Latin scholars. The king embarked on a programme of
revival, bringing in scholars from Continental Europe, Wales and Mercia.
His grandson Æthelstan, king from 924 to 939, carried on the work,
inviting foreign scholars such as Israel to his court, and appointing
Continental clerics as bishops. After Æthelstan's death, Israel
successfully sought the patronage of Archbishop Rotbert of Trier and
became tutor to Bruno, later the Archbishop of Cologne. In the late 940s
Israel is recorded as a bishop, and at the end of his life he was a monk
at the Benedictine monastery of Saint-Maximin in Trier. He was an
accomplished poet, a disciple of the ninth-century Irish philosopher
John Scottus Eriugena, and one of the few scholars of his time who
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Israel_the_Grammarian>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Natchez Indians suddenly revolted against French colonists near
modern-day Natchez, Mississippi, US, killing over 240 people.
Oregon missionaries Marcus and Narcissa Whitman along with
about a dozen others were killed by Cayuse and Umatilla Native American
tribes, sparking the Cayuse War.
The Eureka Flag was flown for the first time, during the Eureka
Stockade rebellion in Australia.
The United Nations General Assembly voted to approve the
Partition Plan for Palestine, a plan to resolve the Arab–Israeli
conflict in the British Mandate of Palestine by separating the territory
into Jewish and Arab states.
Korean Air Flight 858 exploded over the Andaman Sea after two
North Korean agents left a time bomb in an overhead compartment, killing
all 115 people on board.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
(biology, cartography) A unit of land area, ten by ten (that is, a
hundred) square kilometres, often used for assessing how widely
distributed particular animals or plants are.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Very few children have any problem with the world of the
imagination; it's their own world, the world of their daily life, and
it's our loss that so many of us grow out of it.