Henry Conwell (c. 1748 – 1842) was an Irish-born Catholic bishop in
the United States. After serving as a priest in Ireland for more than
four decades, he was installed as the second bishop of Philadelphia in
1819. He took up the post at an advanced age, and spent much of his time
there feuding with the lay trustees of his parishes, especially those of
St. Mary's Church in Philadelphia. When he removed and excommunicated
William Hogan, a controversial priest at St. Mary's, the parish trustees
instead rejected Conwell's authority, creating a minor schism. The two
sides partially reconciled by 1826, but the Vatican hierarchy believed
Conwell had ceded too much power to the laymen and recalled him to Rome.
Although he retained his position, he was compelled to relinquish actual
control to his coadjutor bishop, Francis Kenrick. He remained in
Philadelphia and performed some priestly duties, but for all practical
purposes no longer ran the diocese.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Conwell>
Today's selected anniversaries:
The U.S. Congress authorized the creation of a two-cent coin,
the first U.S. currency to bear the phrase "In God We Trust".
German forces released 168 tons of chlorine gas at the
beginning of the Second Battle of Ypres, causing thousands of casualties
among French troops.
British yachtsman Robin Knox-Johnston completed the first
single-handed non-stop circumnavigation of the world, winning the Sunday
Times Golden Globe Race.
In a pre-dawn raid, U.S. federal agents seized six-year-old
Elián González from his relatives' home in Miami and returned him to
his Cuban father.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. (rare) A subdiscipline of agronomy (the science of utilizing animals,
plants, and soils) and of soil science which addresses the influence of
edaphic (soil-related) conditions on crop production for optimizing it.
2. (chiefly Canada) The science and art of agriculture.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
It is impossible to care for each other more or differently than
we care for the earth. This … becomes obvious enough when it is
considered that the earth is what we all have in common, that it is what
we are made of and what we live from, and that we therefore cannot
damage it without damaging those with whom we share it. But I believe it
goes farther and deeper than that. There is an uncanny resemblance
between our behavior toward each other and our behavior toward the
earth. … By some connection we do not recognize, the willingness to
exploit one becomes the willingness to exploit the other.