120px|Amundsen's Norwegian party stand at the South Pole, 17 December
Farthest South was the term used to denote the most southerly
latitudes reached by explorers before the conquest of the South Pole in
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Today's selected anniversaries:
East India Company official Job Charnock established his headquarters
in a location he called Calcutta.
Peninsular War: Seeing that his army was in danger of being cut off,
French commander Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult retreated from Cádiz,
ending a 30-month siege.
The New York City branch of the Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Co.
collapsed following widespread embezzlement, leading to a severe
recession that caused about 5,000 businesses to fail.
Adolf Hitler ordered the official termination of the T4 euthanasia
program of the mentally ill and disabled, although killings continued
in secret for the remainder of the war.
Buddhist crisis: The U.S. State Department ordered Ambassador Henry
Cabot Lodge, Jr. to encourage South Vietnamese Army officers to oust
Ngo Dinh Diem if he did not willingly remove Ngo Dinh Nhu from his
unofficial position of power.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. (biology) Describing a part that falls off, or is shed, at a
particular time or stage of development.
2. (botany) Of or pertaining to trees which lose their leaves in
winter or the dry season
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Do you want to see what human eyes have never seen? Look at the moon.
Do you want to hear what ears have never heard? Listen to the bird's
cry. Do you want to touch what hands have never touched? Touch the
earth. Verily I say that God is about to create the world.
--Jorge Luis Borges