The Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra railway line is a commuter railway
line in the eastern and southern suburbs of Sydney, Australia that is
part of Sydney's CityRail rail network. Along with the South Coast
Line, an intercity line that uses the Illawarra Line tracks out of
Sydney, the line was constructed in the 1880s to Wollongong to take
advantage of agricultural and mining potentials in the Illawarra area.
In 1926, it became the first railway in New South Wales to run
electric train services. Today the railway consists of three connected
lines: the original Illawarra Line; a branch line from Sutherland to
Cronulla (the Cronulla Line), which opened on a former tramway
alignment in 1939; and an underground rail link between the Sydney CBD
and Bondi Junction, the Eastern Suburbs Line, which opened in 1979.
The railway currently operates as a relatively high-frequency
independent line, and has been noted by the New South Wales Government
as the most reliable line in Sydney.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
French explorer Jacques Cartier sailed along the St. Lawrence River
and reached an Iroquois fort on the island now known as Montreal.
Mexican dragoons dispatched to disarm settlers at Gonzales, Texas
encountered stiff resistance from a Texian militia in the Battle of
Gonzales, the first armed engagement of the Texas Revolution.
Saint Josemaría Escrivá founded Opus Dei, a worldwide organization
of lay members of the Roman Catholic Church.
World War II: Nazi German forces began Operation Typhoon, an all-out
offensive against Moscow, starting the three-month long Battle of
In response to a prison riot, military police stormed the Carandiru
Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil, killing at least 100 prisoners.
Wiktionary's Word of the day:
frolic: To romp; to behave playfully and uninhibitedly.
Wikiquote of the day:
If there must be a god in the house, must be,Saying things in the room
and on the stair,Let him move as the sunlight moves on the floor,Or
moonlight, silently, as Plato's ghostOr Aristotle's skeleton. Let him
hang outHis stars on the wall. He must dwell quietly. -- Wallace