The National Football League Players Association (NFLPA) is the labor
organization representing professional American football players in the
National Football League (NFL). Founded in 1956, it was established to
provide players with formal representation to negotiate compensation and
the terms of a collective bargaining agreement. In the early years of
the NFL, contractual negotiations took place between players and
management; team owners were reluctant to engage in collective
bargaining. A series of strikes and lockouts have occurred throughout
the union's existence largely due to monetary and benefit disputes
between the players and the owners. League rules that punished players
for playing in rival football leagues resulted in litigation; the
success of such lawsuits impelled the NFL to negotiate some work rules
and minimum payments with the NFLPA. It was recognized by the NFL as the
official bargaining agent for players in 1968. In addition to conducting
labor negotiations, the NFLPA represents and protects the rights of
players, ensures that the terms of the collective bargaining agreement
are adhered to by the league and the teams, and negotiates and monitors
retirement and insurance benefits.
Today's selected anniversaries:
The German Customs Union instituted the first regular census in
At least 22 people were killed and 35 others were injured when
rebelling miners at the Eureka Stockade in Ballarat, Victoria,
Australia, clashed violently with the police and the military.
The musical Camelot (Julie Andrews and Richard Burton
pictured), which would become associated with John F. Kennedy's
presidency, opened on Broadway.
Methyl isocyanate and other toxic chemicals were accidentally
released from the Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant in Bhopal,
India, causing the world's largest industrial disaster.
Representatives from 121 countries signed the Ottawa Treaty
banning the use of anti-personnel land mines.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
Wikiquote quote of the day:
My task which I am trying to achieve is, by the power of the written
word, to make you hear, to make you feel — it is, before all, to make
you see. That — and no more, and it is everything. If I succeed, you
shall find there according to your deserts: encouragement, consolation,
fear, charm — all you demand; and, perhaps, also that glimpse of truth
for which you have forgotten to ask. in
--The Nigger of the 'Narcissus'