Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham (1402 – 10 July 1460) was
an English nobleman and a military commander who fought for the
Lancastrian King Henry VI during the Wars of the Roses, where he was
killed at the Battle of Northampton. Through his mother he had royal
blood as a great-grandson of King Edward III, and from his father, he
inherited the earldom of Stafford. He joined the English campaign in
France with King Henry V in 1420. Following the king's death two years
later, he became a councillor for the nine-month-old King Henry VI.
Stafford acted as a peacemaker during the 1430s, when Humphrey, Duke of
Gloucester vied with Cardinal Beaufort for political supremacy. He took
part in the eventual arrest of Gloucester in 1447. He was the King's
bodyguard and chief negotiator during Jack Cade's Rebellion of 1450. In
1455 he fought for the King in the first battle of the Wars of the
Roses, at St Albans, where they were both captured by the Yorkists. He
spent the last years of his life attempting to mediate between the
Yorkist and Lancastrian factions.
Today's selected anniversaries:
English Civil War: The Parliamentarians destroyed the last
Royalist field army at the Battle of Langport, ultimately giving
Parliament control of the West of England.
The air temperature in Furnace Creek, California, reached
134 °F (56.7 °C), the highest reading ever recorded on Earth.
Indian mystic and spiritual master Meher Baba began his silence
until his death in 1969, only communicating by means of an alphabet
board or by unique hand gestures.
The Holocaust: A group of non-Jewish ethnic Poles from around
the nearby area murdered hundreds of Jewish residents of Jedwabne in
The United States defeated China in the final match of the FIFA
Women's World Cup, setting records in both attendance and television
ratings for women's sports.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. (intransitive, reflexive) Often followed by on: To stuff the gorge or
gullet with food; to eat greedily and in large quantities.
2. (transitive) To swallow, especially with greediness, or in large
mouthfuls or quantities.
3. (transitive) To fill up to the throat; to glut, to satiate.
4. (transitive) To fill up (an organ, a vein, etc.); to block up or
obstruct; (US, specifically) of ice: to choke or fill a channel or
passage, causing an obstruction.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
United teams win. Divided teams lose. Play to our multicultural
strengths. Stop preaching the messages of hate and division in your
campaign themes. And now, a message to both parties. Please remember
that those who have participated in the United We Stand America movement
are intelligent, thinking, responsible people. They are not unprogrammed
robots who can be emotionally swayed by your negative ads or messages of
fear and divisiveness. Bluntly, you will have to face the issues to get
their votes. Mud wrestling and messages aimed at destroying your
opponent and his loved ones won't work. I love the American people and
I am sure that you do, too. I owe them a debt I can never repay and so
do you. Today, their Government is a mess, and they want it fixed. By
joining together as the owners of this great country, they can solve
these problems. As I've said before, it is time to clean out the barn
— join us — pick up a shovel. Get to work!