James Bryant Conant (1893–1978) was a chemist, President of Harvard
University, and the first U.S. Ambassador to West Germany. As a Harvard
professor, he was one of the first to explore the relationship between
chemical equilibrium and the reaction rate of chemical processes. He
studied the biochemistry of oxyhemoglobin, helped to elucidate the
structure of chlorophyll, and contributed insights that underlie modern
theories of acid–base chemistry. It was during his presidency of
Harvard (1933–53) that women were first admitted to Harvard Medical
School and Harvard Law School. As chairman of the National Defense
Research Committee during World War II, he oversaw the Manhattan
Project, which developed the first atomic bombs. After the war, he
served on the Joint Research and Development Board that coordinated
defense research, and on the General Advisory Committee of the Atomic
Energy Commission. In his later years at Harvard, he taught the history
and philosophy of science, and wrote about the scientific method. In
1953 he became the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, overseeing the
restoration of German sovereignty, and then was U.S. Ambassador to West
Germany until 1957.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Bryant_Conant>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Byzantine emperor Maurice proclaimed his son Theodosius as his
William Caxton printed the first English translation of Aesop's
Feeling that Canada had failed to address the protection of
their rights, the Métis people, led by Louis Riel, began the North-West
First Balkan War: After a five-month siege, the Bulgarian
Second Army captured the Ottoman city of Adrianople.
The first episode of The Young and the Restless was broadcast,
eventually becoming the most watched daytime drama on American
television from 1988 onwards.
Four days before the scheduled opening of Japan's Narita
International Airport (pictured), a group of protesters destroyed much
of the equipment in the control tower with Molotov cocktails.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. To kill as a sacrifice.
2. To destroy, especially by fire.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
The very scientist who, in the service of the sinful king, was
the brain behind the horror of the labyrinth, quite as readily can serve
the purposes of freedom. But the hero-heart must be at hand. …
Centuries of husbandry, decades of diligent culling, the work of
numerous hearts and hands, have gone into the hackling, sorting, and
spinning of this tightly twisted yarn. Furthermore, we have not even to
risk the adventure alone, for the heroes of all time have gone before us
— the labyrinth is thoroughly known. We have only to follow the thread
of the hero path, and where we had thought to find an abomination, we
shall find a god; where we had thought to slay another, we shall slay
ourselves; where we had thought to travel outward, we shall come to the
center of our own existence. And where we had thought to be alone, we
shall be with all the world.