The Marwari horse is a rare breed from the Marwar region of India.
Known for its inward-turning ear tips, it comes in all equine colours,
although pinto patterns tend to be the most popular. It is known for
its hardiness, and is quite similar to the Kathiawari, another Indian
breed from the Kathiawar region southwest of Marwar. Many breed members
exhibit a natural pacing gait. The Marwari are descended from native
Indian ponies crossed with Arabian horses, possibly with some Mongolian
influence. The Rathores, traditional rulers of the Marwar region of
western India, were the first to breed the Marwari. Beginning in the
12th century, they espoused strict breeding that promoted purity and
hardiness. Used throughout history as a cavalry horse by the people of
the Marwar region, the Marwari was noted for its loyalty and bravery in
battle. The breed deteriorated in the 1930s, when poor management
practices resulted in a reduction of the breeding stock, but today has
regained some of its popularity. The Marwari is used for light draught
and agricultural work, as well as riding and packing. In 1995, a breed
society was formed for the Marwari in India, and in the 2000s horses
have begun to be exported to the United States and Europe.
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